Yep, according to Sony error 80010017 is the following: There was an issue loading the game.
Description: The PlayStation 3 system wasn't able to load the game or game data. This may be caused by a dirty or scratched disc or the game data couldn't load. Try this:
- Clean the disc and reinstall the game data.
- If you continue to have issues, enter Safe Mode and select "Restore File System" and try to load the game again.
As for playing games on PS3 consoles with a broken Blu-ray drive, we had a thread around here somewhere on that... I will add it to this post if I find it.
Edit: Here is one idea, not what I was looking for though: http://www.ps4news.com/forums/ps3-cf...ve-120055.html
A few more related threads: